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Good Night Oppy

The warm and engaging "Good Night Oppy" isn't a Disney or Pixar movie, but a lot of times it feels like one. Directed by Ryan White ("The Keepers," "The Case Against 8"), it's a documentary about the mission to explore the surface of Mars with remote-controlled, unmanned robots, named Spirit and Opportunity. The mission began with preplanning in 2003 and continued all the way through 2018. This was a surprise to the NASA scientists and engineers in charge, who had gone into it assuming the robots might last a few months at best. 

Another surprise was how much emotion the humans invested in them. Anthropomorphizing—the process of investing non-human things with human traits—is the real subject of this movie, and the focus of most of its drama. Spirit and Opportunity are treated like people by the NASA team (and the filmmakers), in the manner of lovable cartoon characters or "Star Wars" androids. The routines and rituals associated with Spirit and Opportunity (Oppy for short) contribute to the sense that these long-necked metal things roving the ochre surface of Mars have personalities and feelings. 

The bulk of the running time consists of news, documentary, and home movie footage taken during the mission, plus interviews with key members of the team, but White and company got a mighty assist from expensive state-of-the-art computer effects, which re-create the Mars mission in a style that recalls "Wall-E," "The Martian," and other science-fiction epics. Whenever there's a cut to a closeup of the camera unit atop a rover's neck, we can't help thinking of it as a face. When one of them struggles to get out of a sandy sinkhole or change course despite a busted wheel, we root for them, just as we might for Mustafa, Black Beauty, Lassie, R2-D2, or any other non-human character who becomes an honorary person by virtue of having the audience's emotions poured into them. 

The interviewees describe what they were thinking and feeling as they tried to figure out how to get the robots from one place to another, maneuver them out of sand traps, and figure out workarounds for equipment failures and geographical impediments. They consider the years they spent tending to Spirit and Oppy to be the highlight of their lives. Some of the people involved in the mission were in their teens or twenties back in the aughts and now have children, and/or have endured decline and loss. Witnesses who compare the robots' technical problems to arthritis or Alzheimers' have good reason for using those analogies: they've experienced them. 

The story's storytelling is so compressed, and cross-cuts between past and present so nimbly, that the movie occasionally evokes Christopher Nolan's "Interstellar," a blockbuster about the relativity of time and memory. When the NASA team pauses one of the machines' journeys to test solutions on a replica in the facility, the actual process might've taken months, but gets compacted into a couple of minutes of screen time. And when witnesses talk about the mission in general terms, they sometimes slip into present-tense. 

To get across the magnitude of what his subjects saw and did, White pours on the commercial filmmaking devices from start to finish, in the manner of fun-for-all-ages summer blockbusters that used to dominate the box office in the 1980s and '90s, and that were often produced (and occasionally directed) by Steven Spielberg or George Lucas. Sure enough, Spielberg's company Amblin is one of the producers here; the effects are by the company Lucas founded, Industrial Light and Magic; and the score by Blake Neely ("The Pacific," also an Amblin production) has that John Williams magic-and-wonder vibe. 

"Good Night Oppy" lays the Spielberg-Lucas-Pixar elements on a bit thicker than it probably needed to, given the authentic emotions expressed by the interviewees (tears flow, a lot). If cereal is already sweet, it doesn't require more sugar. But everyone involved in both the Mars mission and the film comes across as so fundamentally decent that the style seems of-a-piece with the story being told. (The hit pop songs interspersed through the tale—including "Walking on Sunshine" and "Here Comes the Sun"—aren't just there to prime the viewer's tear ducts: they're the same ones that the NASA team chose to "wake up" the robots after their power-down periods.)

"Good Night Oppy" is light on scientific details about the machines and their purpose, but it does a fine job of showing how the act of investing oneself in mission-specific machines can lead people to think of them as friends, and become upset when challenges or misfortunes befall them. It's inevitable that this story would eventually end with Spirit and Oppy succumbing to old age and interplanetary wear-and-tear (nothing lasts forever), but when it happens, twice, we grieve for them, just as their handlers did. 

"Good Night Oppy" may be especially resonant for younger viewers who are interested in science but may not yet realize that there's more to it than crunching numbers and drawing charts. The Mars team all have the zeal of true believers. As the story unfolds, we see the immense focus and resilience that it takes to plan, execute, and prolong a large-scale project, as well as the ultimately positive feelings that everyone involved carried with them after it was done. 

Now playing in select theaters and available on Prime Video on November 23rd.

Matt Zoller Seitz

Matt Zoller Seitz is the Editor at Large of, TV critic for New York Magazine and, and a finalist for the Pulitzer Prize in criticism.

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Film Credits

Good Night Oppy movie poster

Good Night Oppy (2022)

Rated PG for some mild language.

105 minutes


Angela Bassett as Narrator (voice)


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