The title character of “The People vs. Fritz Bauer” was a
fascinating man whose career as a prosecutor, trying to expose the crimes of the
Nazis, certainly deserves the dramatic treatment director Lars Kraume gives it
here. A Jew born in Germany, Fritz Bauer had begun a legal career that was
interrupted when he was sent to a concentration camp in the 1930s. After
managing to extricate himself, he spent the war years in Denmark and Sweden,
then returned to Germany and the law in the late ‘40s.
Bauer reached the peak of his renown in the early ‘60s when
he prosecuted commanders of Auschwitz in a public trial. Though it may seem
shocking now, relatively little public examination of the Holocaust had
occurred in Germany since the end of the war. Many former Nazis occupied high
positions in German society and officialdom. Though Bauer was accused of
pursuing vengeance as a Jew, he insisted his efforts were motivated not by the
past but by the future: he wanted to educate German young people so that the
horrors their ancestors committed were never repeated.
“The People vs. Fritz Bauer” concerns not this trial but
a more hidden episode in Bauer’s career that occurred five years earlier. The
tale opens in Frankfurt in 1957, when Bauer (Burghart Klaußner in a vivid,
forceful performance) is discovered passed out in his bath from an overdose of
alcohol and sleeping pills. His enemies in the establishment, who resent and
fear his dogged pursuit of former Nazis, seize on this as a possible reason to
force him into retirement. Rumors have it he intended suicide. “I have a
pistol,” he replies. “If I want to kill myself, there won’t be any rumors.”
The prosecutor’s survival means he can pursue a uniquely
compelling case: the capture of Adolf Eichmann, a key implementer of the
Holocaust. The chase begins when Bauer receives a letter from a German in
Argentina who says he know where Eichmann is because his daughter has begun
dating the Nazi’s son. The information is persuasive, but it’s also a problem:
if Bauer takes it to Interpol or the German intelligence service, it’s very
likely Eichmann will be alerted and flee.
Instead, he goes to Israel and presents his evidence to the
Mossad, Israel’s intelligence service. They appreciate his efforts but say they
are preoccupied with Israel’s Arab enemies, and besides, they’ve had reports of
Eichmann’s whereabouts from all over the world; to pursue this lead, they would
have to have confirmation from a second source.
Bauer has his work cut out for him when he returns to
Germany, and it’s surrounded by dangers. If he’s discovered colluding with the
Israelis, he can be charged with treason. And there’s a more personal peril: In
Denmark, police reports exist showing that he visited male prostitutes when he
lived there. In Germany, the notorious Paragraph 175, by which the Nazis
criminalized most homosexual behavior, is still in the books.
These two areas of concern converge when Bauer confides his
hunt for Eichmann to a sympathetic young prosecutor, Karl Angermann (Ronald
Zehrfeld, a charismatic actor who will be known to U.S. audiences from
Christian Petzold’s “Barbara” and “Phoenix”), who in turn shares some of his
own secrets with Bauer.
Angermann is an invented character, and the story elements
that involve him are the only major areas where the film diverges from history.
Unfortunately it shows: While there’s dramatic power in the relationship
between the two prosecutors (thanks in part to the strong work of the two
actors playing them), some of the revelations about the younger man feel
contrived and overly melodramatic.
Kraume’s mounting of this tale, while capable enough, is
also rather staid and conventional. (A sharper, more forceful rendition of
somewhat similar Cold War material can be found in Steven Spielberg’s “Bridge of
Spies,” in which Klausnerr also appeared.) But there’s no question that this
story was worth telling. Throughout, Bauer intends to bring Eichmann to trial
in Germany, as a way of exposing the whole Nazi hierarchy. But the government of
Konrad Adenauer doesn’t want some of its members’ pasts revealed, while the
U.S. is disinclined to upset an important ally. Eichmann, of course, was tried
and executed by Israel. Bauer’s role in his capture was not revealed until many